Crate embassy_net_adin1110

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§SPE ADIN1110 embassy-net integration

embassy-net integration for the Analog ADIN1110 SPI SPE ethernet chips.

§What is SPE or Single Pair Ethernet / 10 BASE-T1L

SPE stands for Single Pair Ethernet. As the names implies, SPE uses differential signalling with 2 wires (a twisted-pair) in a cable as the physical medium. SPE is full-duplex - it can transmit and receive ethernet packets at the same time. SPE is still ethernet, only the physical layer is different.

SPE also supports PoDL (Power over Data Line), power delivery from 0.5 up to 50 Watts, similar to PoE, but an additional hardware and handshake protocol are needed.

SPE has many link speeds but only 10 BASE-T1L is able to reach cable lengths up to 1000 meters in 2.4 Vpp transmit amplitude. Currently in 2023, none of the standards are compatible with each other. Thus 10 BASE-T1L won’t work with a 10 BASE-T1S, 100 BASE-T1 or any standard x BASE-T.

In the industry SPE is also called APL (Advanced Physical Layer), and is based on the 10 BASE-T1L standard.

APL can be used in intrinsic safety applications/explosion hazardous areas which has its own name and standard called 2-WISE (2-wire intrinsically safe ethernet) IEC TS 60079-47:2021.

10 BASE-T1L and ADIN1110 are designed to support intrinsic safety applications. The power supply energy is fixed and PDoL is not supported.

§Supported SPI modes

ADIN1110 supports two SPI modes. Generic and OPEN Alliance 10BASE-T1x MAC-PHY serial interface

Both modes support with and without additional CRC. Currently only Generic SPI with or without CRC is supported.

NOTE: SPI Mode is selected by the hardware pins SPI_CFG0 and SPI_CFG1. Software can’t detect nor change the mode.


§Other SPE chips


ADIN1110 library can tested on the host with a mock SPI driver.

$ cargo test --target x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu


Basic ping benchmark

60 packets transmitted, 60 received, 0% packet loss, time 59066ms
rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 1.089/1.161/1.237/0.018 ms

60 packets transmitted, 60 received, 0% packet loss, time 59066ms
rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 5.122/5.162/6.177/0.133 ms

HTTP load generator benchmark with oha

  Success rate: 50.00%
  Total:        60.0005 secs
  Slowest:      0.0055 secs
  Fastest:      0.0033 secs
  Average:      0.0034 secs
  Requests/sec: 362.1971

  Total data:   2.99 MiB
  Size/request: 289 B
  Size/sec:     51.11 KiB


  • ADIN1110 embassy-net driver
  • Generate Ethernet Frame Check Sequence
  • 10-BASE-T1x PHY functions.
  • Background runner for the ADIN1110.
  • Internal state for the embassy-net integration.




  • MdioBus trait Driver needs to implement the Clause 22 Optional Clause 45 is the device supports this.


Type Aliases§

  • Type alias Result type with AdinError as error type.
  • Type alias for the embassy-net driver for ADIN1110